Reader Response Criticism: An Essay
It designates multiple critical approaches to reading a text. In this sense, a reader is a hypothetical construct of norms and expectations that can be derived or projected or extrapolated from the work. Because expectations may be violated or fulfilled, satisfied or frustrated, and because reading is a temporal process involving memory, perception, and anticipation, the charting of reader-response is extremely difficult and perpetually subject to construction and reconstruction, vision and revision. The Polish theorist Roman Ingarden , views that a literary work originates in the intentional acts of the consciousness of its author.
Reader Response criticism does not denote any specific theory. Hans Robert Jauss , the German theorist, inspired by the phenomenological method of Husserl and Heideggeris Hermeneutics, gave a historical dimension to reader-oriented criticism by developing a version of Reader Response Criticism known as Reception Theory in his book, New Literary History. The renowned cultural theorist, Stuart Hall , is one of the main proponents of reception theory; he developed it for media and communication studies from the literary- and history-oriented approaches.
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Another leading exponent of German reception theory, Wolfgang Iser , drew heavily on the phenomenological aesthetics of Roman Ingarden and the writings of Hans-Georg Gadamer. However the implied and actual readers co-exist, and are truly one and the same person, responding to a text in two different ways and levels of consciousness. Here, he follows Hans Blumenberg , and attempts to apply his theory of modernity to Shakespeare. He based his analysis on classroom teaching of literature, and hold that reading is not determined by the text; instead, reading is a subjective process designed by the distinctive personality of the individual reader.
Norman Holland makes use of psychoanalytic analysis of the process of reading.
Reader Response Theory Essay
He viewed the subject matter of a work as the projection of the fantasies that constitute the identity of its author. He also declared that there is no universally determinate meaning of a particular text.
Harold Bloom , the prominent Yale critic, has been noteworthy for his incorporation of Freudian conceptions of defense mechanisms into the realm of Reader Response Theory. It is the foundation of the building called literary theory or criticism.
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He prescribes what a good literature or poetry should be. This idea criticizes art as an imitation of an imitation. And as a result, in…. It is described as a reaction to "modernist" alteration and despair.
It is heavily influenced by linguistics especially by the work of Ferdinand de Saussure. Useful was Saussure's concept of phoneme which is the smallest basic speech sound or unit of pronunciation, the idea that phoneme exists in two kinds of relationships diachronic and synchronic. Diachronic is a "horizontal"…. The reason behind me choosing reader response is that throughout reading all the novels assigned I always tended to make a comparison to my modern day teenage life. As multiple of my previous analysis and explication videos have shown I tend to relate to the character struggling or the character that is in the pressure situation.
Reader response is the theory that I relate to the most…. The narrator would find himself in an alternate world in which punitive measures are not used to respond to deviant and criminal activities. In fact, in this imaginary world, punitive responses would not even be considered as a response to social problems.
Prisons, for example, would not exist in this society, and neither would criminal courts, detention centers, or any instantiation of a retributive model of justice. The absence of punishment in the story…. I am really in shock of the different levels I keep seeing being brought forward after my studies.
I would like to read it again in its entirety after this class and really formulate a more diverse understanding in applying more theories.
I do know that…. The context of this poem is most certainly…. Essays Essays FlashCards.
Browse Essays. Show More. We can see that the gloomy natural events reflect the human events. Therefore, we have a mysterious unity that links time, house and people. At the end of the story, all of them collapse in one fall after the death of Usher. To speak about the first code which is hermeneutic one, it is concerned with enigma, puzzle or unanswered question.
Reader Response Criticism: An Essay | Literary Theory and Criticism
We can notice the use of this code through the narrative of the story. The way of narrating mystifies us. It makes us ask several questions such as why the scene is frightening? Why the year is not specified? Who does Usher fear? What will happen next? This code works since the narrator kept the solutions for these questions hidden.
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