Rutledge Falmer, All other authors are listed first name followed by the last name. Insert the word "and" and a comma before the last author. Note: If there are more than three authors, just list the first one followed by et al. There is a period after al but not et. Example: Nelson, Karl, et al. Fish Is for Everyone. Penguin Press, Bell, Madison Smartt. No empty or excess space should be left unless a new page is needed such as with the Works Cited. Section headings are often used to increase the readability of an essay.
- MLA Style Guide (7th edition);
- How Do I Cite? - MLA Citation Guide (MLA 8th Edition) - LibGuides at Morehead State University.
- MLA Book Citation | Cite a Book, Chapter, or Work in a Collection.
- Other Common Descriptors;
- MLA Format and Documentation.
- Basic Chapter or Essay in a Collection;
If you are requested by an instructor to divide your essay into sections, number those sections in arabic number and a period followed by a space and the name of your section. For example:.
How to Cite an Essay in MLA
In-text citation provides a brief note or signal within the sentence that source material is used. This note identifies the source and other important information. When adding in-text citation to notes or projects, remember that every sentence requires its own in-text citation; a note at the end of a paragraph or section cannot cite the material clearly or properly. For MLA in-text citations, the content that is typically used is the author's last name and the page s the information appears on. Where and how this information is provided can vary depending on the structure of the sentence, but here are some general examples:.
Stating the author in a signal phrase and page at the end: According to Author, this claim is made. Note that in these examples, all punctuation is placed correctly and should not be changed or moved. Commas are not needed to separate data, pages are stated by number only without p or pg , and the period for the overall sentence is placed after the citation.
While the placement of author is fluid, make sure all other punctuation is presented correctly at all times. If the source has no author, then the in-text citation will typically be the next major piece of information about the source see the Works Cited entry to identify what that information should be. It will often be the title of the article or source. Authors are generally presented with last names only, omitting any titles or honors, even if the source includes them. Present all authors' names in the order the source includes them without rearranging them.
Readers/Study Guides - MLA - Referencing Guide - Subject Guides at Murdoch University
When a source has three authors, you must name all authors using Oxford comma rules: Author, Author, and Author. Note: the method chosen here needs to be the same method used in the Works Cited entry as well. If you opt to name everyone in-text, then you must also name everyone in the Works Cited or vice versa.
Sometimes a source will quote another source this is called an indirect source. Be sure to follow MLA rules carefully to illustrate who said what see the example below. These examples show a range of both. The modern dance pioneer believed that many literary themes were inappropriate for dance because key relationships and ideas could not be succinctly portrayed to the audience Humphrey Stolerman and O'Connor argue that it is better for a writer to discuss a narrow aspect of a large topic in detail than to attempt to discuss loose generalizations 4.
It is better for a writer to discuss a narrow aspect of a large topic in detail than to attempt to discuss loose generalizations Stolerman and O'Connor 4. If you are citing sources that include authors with the same last name, include their first initial in the in-text citation. The question of morality regarding this given situation involves an analysis of what morality means in the context of the culture E.
Miller 24 and K. Miller Note: the overall source is an article by Myers. Within the piece, though, Myers quotes Smith. This clarification of who created what is vital to correctly credit the creator. Paraphrase: Smith illustrates that the even concrete things have an element of mystery to them cited in Myers Similarly, if the idea is simply attributed to Myers, this is inaccurate. Start on a new page with the words Works Cited centered at the top of the page.
Alphabetize entries by last name or first word of the citation, if no author is listed. If there are works starting with the same last names or words, alphabetize by the next piece of data. Hanging indent all citations meaning the first line is not indented but any subsequent lines of the citation are. Note: the examples below illustrate only the citation for that source. You should always realize that the sources you find may have other features or information that must be taken into account in your own citations. These are merely basic examples to illustrate what proper citation looks like or may entail.
However, the punctuation and placement of information on the citations below is correct and should be emulated logically.
One of the main features that MLA 8 includes is the use of a standard template designed to help students gather information about their sources and place them in the right order, regardless of the type of source it is. Students may download this template from the MLA website linked here , and we encourage students to use this as an information-gathering tool. Otherwise, the template asks you to collect the following information, in exactly the order shown and with the exact form of punctuation indicated after each element. See below for more details on how what these elements are and how to present them.
The author s of a piece of writing can be found near the title of the source. The source title is the title of the source given by the author. Containers are important for MLA citation style. The containers are the larger whole in which a cited source is located. For example, if you are citing a short story or an article, ask yourself if that short story is located in an anthology.
The anthology is the container, and you have to include the container information in the Works Cited page. Contributors are separate from the author of the work that you are citing, but they are important to include in your MLA Works Cited. While reviewing your source, check for editors, translators, adapters, etc.
For example, if you are citing a short story or an article within an anthology, that anthology most likely has an editor you need to include in your Works Cited. Versions are the most updated editions of a source. For example, if you are using an anthology or a textbook, the edition number will be given on the front cover of the source or within the front matter section. The front matter section is the first few pages of a book that include copyright information, publisher information, publication date, a foreward, etc.
A number is included in a Works Cited page if the source is part of a sequence. For example, if you are citing a journal article, the volume and issue number are important to find and include. Another example is if you are citing a television series; be sure to include the season number and episode number. The publisher is the company that allows the source to be accessible to the public.
The date is when the source was published. The date information can be found in the front matter of a book. The location is given to help a reader more easily find your source information, not a physical location. List authors see Tips and Rules below for arrangement. Give city of publication no state needed ; if multiple cities are listed, name only the first.
MLA 8 Citation Guide
If multiple years are given, provide the most recent. See below for web or database citation.
Author of book. Oxford Publishers, Coyne, Kate and Nick A.
MLA Citation Rules. An e-book is considered to be a different version of a book, so the e-book identity is entered into the version section of the regular book reference template. Title of container, Contributors, edition, e-book, Number, Publisher, Year of publication. The basic format for citing journal, newspaper and magazine articles is the same:.
Related mla citing an essay within a book
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