Never introduce a quotation with just a line or page number:. Quote only as much of the text as is necessary to make your point. Don't quote several lines to establish the context of a single important line.
Don't quote big chunks of the text to make your paper look long. Select your quotations and build your sentences around them so that the whole is a grammatically correct unit. Don't quote complete sentences inside your own sentences. You can edit quotations to clarify them, or to make them fit the structure of your sentences, so long as you do not misrepresent the context of the quotation.
A Guide to Using Quotations in Essays
Wright St. Degree Ph. The Uses of Quotation The Mechanics of Quotation Punctuating Quotations without Documentation Puncutating Quotations with MLA Documentation The Stylistics of Quotation The Uses of Quotation In most writing, you should use quotations for one or more of the following specific purposes: Use quotation to reproduce distinctive, admirable, or felicitous phrasing--that is, when a paraphrase would be an inadequate representation.
In his Introduction to Lysistrata , Douglass Parker denies that the play is a "hoard of applied lubricity. Both Calidorus and Pseudolus agree that Phoenicium's letter is "terrible," but they mean different things.
Samuel Pepys called Twelfth Night "one of the weakest plays that ever I saw on the stage. According to the Code on Campus Affairs , "No absence from class is excused. Corrigan refers to the world of comedy as a "protected realm. The Mechanics of Quotation Any handbook used in Rhetoric or English courses will give you an acceptable format for incorporating quotations into your writing and punctuating them correctly.
Punctuating Quotations without Documentation Periods and commas, whether or not they are part of the quoted material, always go inside the closing quotation marks: "The comic mask," says Aristotle, "is ugly and distorted, but does not imply pain.
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Question marks and exclamation points go inside or outside the closing quotation marks, depending on whether they are part of your sentence or the quoted sentence: Malvolio asks, "My masters, are you mad? To indicate words omitted from inside a quotation, use three spaced periods: "Some are born great. For plays whose lines are numbered from the beginning of each scene, indicate act, scene, and line number: Posing as Cesario, Viola tells Olivia, "I am not that I play" 1. Give page numbers for plays without line numbers and for prose works: Aristotle defines comedy as "an imitation of characters of a lower type" Thus: "My masters, are you mad?
Although the women of Greece swear to "withhold all rights of access or entrance" 32 , they soon find their oath difficult to keep. The exception to this general rule is for block quotations the parentheses come after the final period of the quotation, with no additional punctuation: Lysistrata ends with a prayer to the patron goddess of Athens: Sing the greatest, sing the mightiest, sing the conqueror, sing to honor her-- Athene of the Bronze House! Never introduce a quotation with just a line or page number: Weak: On page , Pseudolus says he has "eyes like pumice stones.
Weak: Feste's statement that "Foolery, sir, does walk about the orb like the sun; it shines everywhere" 3. Better: Feste's comment that foolishness, like sunlight, "shines everywhere" 3. You can leave words out, marked by an ellipsis.
You can insert words, enclosed in square brackets. You can replace words with others, enclosed in square brackets. When you directly quote the works of others in your paper, you will format quotations differently depending on their length.
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Below are some basic guidelines for incorporating quotations into your paper. Please note that all pages in MLA should be double-spaced. To indicate short quotations four typed lines or fewer of prose or three lines of verse in your text, enclose the quotation within double quotation marks.
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Provide the author and specific page number in the case of verse, provide line numbers in the in-text citation, and include a complete reference on the Works Cited page. Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation.
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Question marks and exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are a part of the quoted passage, but after the parenthetical citation if they are a part of your text. For quotations that are more than four lines of prose or three lines of verse, place quotations in a free-standing block of text and omit quotation marks.
When quoting verse, maintain original line breaks. You should maintain double-spacing throughout your essay. Nelly Dean treats Heathcliff poorly and dehumanizes him throughout her narration:. They entirely refused to have it in bed with them, or even in their room, and I had no more sense, so, I put it on the landing of the stairs, hoping it would be gone on the morrow.
By chance, or else attracted by hearing his voice, it crept to Mr.
Suggested Ways to Introduce Quotations: Columbia College
Earnshaw's door, and there he found it on quitting his chamber. Inquiries were made as to how it got there; I was obliged to confess, and in recompense for my cowardice and inhumanity was sent out of the house. Bronte When citing long sections of poetry four lines of verse or more , keep formatting as close to the original as possible.
The whiskey on your breath Could make a small boy dizzy; But I hung on like death: Such waltzing was not easy. We Romped until the pans Slid from the kitchen shelf; My mother's countenance Could not unfrown itself.
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